India is the 7th largest country by area
India is the second most populated with 1.2 Bn people .
The Indian economy is the world’s tenth-largest.
Surrounded by Indian ocean on south, the Arabian sea on south west and Bay of Bengal on south east, it shares borders with Pakistan , China , Nepal , Burma and Bangladesh.
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives .
In addition, India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation , the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four major religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism – originated while Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium . Such diversity helped shape the region’s elaborate culture.
Gradually annexed by and brought under the East India Company from Britain in early 18th century and having been administered directly by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India became independent in 1947 after a struggle period ,which was popularized by the non-violence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi who is also known as the “Father our the Nation.”
India operates under a parliamentary democratic system ,consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. India is a pluralistic, multilingual, and multi-ethnic society. It is home to a diversity of wildlife and a variety of protected habitats.
Enter India and explore its energy, elegance and eclecticity. This is your passage into the heart of mother India. India openly offers her many facets to any discerning traveller. Let us embark on this personal passage into this ancient civilisation together allowing you to explore this beautiful country, which will leave a lasting impression on your mind and heart.The saying is that the fascinating thing about India “is that whatever you can rightly say about India, the opposite is also true.” India is an intoxicating assault on the senses and a cultural whirlwind. A dizzying array of cultures, religions, languages and ethnicities, it is impossible not to be fascinated by the diversity of India. The sheer size of India means it is impossible not to find something for every traveller.
Language and People
Referred to as Bharat, Hindustan and Mother India, with over 1 billion citizens, India is the second most populous nation in the world. Boasting the worlds largest democracy, it is difficult to speak of any one Indian culture. Indias diversity is its charm. There are 22 official languages and countless more dialects, with English and Hindi playing important roles. India has seven major religions and many minor ones, six main ethnic groups, and countless holidays which are exciting for any traveller to experience. Hinduism is the dominant faith of India, serving about 80 percent of the population.
Location and Climate
Set apart from the rest of Asia by the supreme continental wall of the Himalayas, the Indian subcontinent touches three large bodies of water. India’s jigsaw of 26 states contains virtually every kind of landscape imaginable, making it an ideal holiday destination. Precisely because of its incredible size, the climate not only depends on the time of year, but also the location. Generally, temperatures tend to be cooler in the north than the south. The coolest months in the north are between September and March, and between November and January in the South.
From June, the sub continent is engulfed in the ‘monsoon’. Winds begin to move northwards and westwards, bringing much needed rain and respite to the land. Though it rains almost every day, the downpour tends to come and go quickly, leaving behind a cleaner, cooler and glistening landscape.
India can be broadly divided along the compass points. North India, also reffered to as the Hindi belt, is the Hindi Heartland of India. Ranging from the north most extremity of India in Jammu and Kashmir, this dynamic yet tranquil terrain offers mountains, forests and magical lake tours. You cannot fail to be enchanted by the tranquility and breathtakingly stunning views of Leh or Ladakh. Further south and more central, the terrain becomes flatter, expanding into the fertile plains of Punjab hosting the Golden Temple to the west, the Himalayan foothills of Mussorie, Rishikesh and Dehradun offering action, adventure and nature in Uttar Pradesh, and the Ganges river valley to the East home to the historical town of Varanasi.
Indias capital city, Delhi, is in the midst of all this, a cosmopolitan city encompassing a multitude of worlds in one place. Nearby is the large, arid desert state of Rajasthan, hosting some of the most majestical and historical cities like the pink city of Jaipur, blue Jodhpur, and the golden city of Jaisalmere that offer a vibrant and exotic cultural experience in the Land of the Maharajas. On this traditional Golden Triangle route, you also find the majestic world famous heritage the Taj Mahal in
Agra, that allows you to experience a romantic and touching love story.
South India compromises the states of Gujarat, Maharastra and Goa in the west, the central state of Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala in the far south. South India offers a somewhat different pace to north India yet matches its diversity. Mumbai, located in Maharastra, is another bustling Indian metropolis and home to Bollywood, the city where India’s dreams are made. Further down as you move to typically lush rainforests, Goa offers some of the most beautiful beaches, where you can relax with a book and fresh coconut water – the perfect place to relax from the bustling dizzyness of Indias cities.
Further south still, enjoy meandering along Kerala’s backwaters on a romantic houseboat or a relaxing homestay, then explore sandy beaches and watch the sunset. Find exotic wildlife and explore magnigicent temples and visit the Gateway of India in Chennai tasting all the local culinary delicacies of south India along the way.